Semberija, and the territory of the City of Bijeljina has continental climate with rather cold winters and warm summers. Frosts start at the end of October, and last until the mid April. This makes this area suitable for growing agricultural plants typical for this area, considering that spring sowing and awakening of vegetation start in mid March. The total heat sum for the period from March to October is over 3,400 degrees Celsius, which is enough for growth of all important plants, including the production of tobacco, which is a plant very sensitive to heat sum.
Apart from favourable climate, the most important resource for agriculture is good quality land. Overview of agricultural land according to category and ownership is shown in the following table: